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Czechoslovakia (20 Korun, 1988) Jan Amos Komensky (1592-1670)

Also known as Comenius was a thinker, philosopher, writer and educator. In Czech Republic all school children know him - mostly under the name 'the teacher of nations'. Komensky lived and worked in many different countries in Europe including Sweden, Poland, Transylvania, Germany, Prussia, England, Netherlands and Hungary.

Italy (1000 Lire, 1990), Maria Montessori (1870-1952)

An Italian educator of the early 20th century, Maria Montessori is remembered as the founder of the famous Montessori Method of education which emphasized hands-on, individualized learning within mixed age groups in a child-friendly setting. Her teaching strategies and her discoveries about the process of learning revolutionized the field of education in the United States and profoundly influenced children's education all around the world. Despite the familiarity of her name, few realize that much of the developmental, "hands-on" approach now employed in preschools and kindergartens can be traced to the innovations of Maria Montessori. Although best known as an educator, Montessori's formal training was as a scientist and medical doctor. She is also notable for having been Italy's first female M.D. For her committed efforts on behalf of children, especially in the face of the fascism of World War II, Montessori was nominated three times for the Nobel Peace Prize (1949, 1950, and 1951).

Chile (5000 Pesos, 2003) Gabriela Mistral (1889-1957)

She taught elementary and secondary school for many years until her poetry made her famous. Mistral was active in cultural committees of the League of Nations, and was Chilean consul in Naples, Madrid, and Lisbon. She taught Spanish literature in the United States at Columbia University, Middlebury College, Vassar College, and at the University of Puerto Rico.

Uruguay (500,000 Nuevos Pesos, 1992)Alfredo Vásquez Acevedo (1844-1923)

Uruguayans educator, Lawyer and politician who published important criminal and civil codes.


Estonia (10 Krooni, 1992), Jakob Hurt (1839-1907)

He studied at the University of Tartu 1859-63. Even during his student years, Hurt was absolutely strong-minded in preserving his Estonian culture. Later he worked on both collecting and publishing numerous Estonian folklore and poetry. He spent some years as a teacher and was sent to Otepää church as pastor in 1872.

Nigeria (10 Naira, 1984), Alvan Ikoku (1900-1971)

Ikoku was an educator and politician.  He was born into a wealthy merchant family, was trained as a teacher. In 1931, he established his own college called the Aggrey Memorial College, named after an eminent Ghanaian educator, Dr. Aggrey. Ikoku was active in the Nigerian Union of Teachers, and became its National President in 1955. He also participated in politics, serving both in the Eastern Nigeria House of Assembly as well as the Legislative Council in Lagos. While in government, he applied his influence to foster the advancement of education. He died in 1971.

Costa Rica (10 Colones, 1985), Rodrigo Facio Brenes (1917-1961)

Rodrigo Facio studied law and became an university professor. Later he served as the Secretariat General of the University of Costa Rica. He was charter member of the Center for Studies of the National Problems, and Vice-president of the Central Bank of Costa Rica.

Romania (200 Lei 2006), Lucian Blaga (1895-1961)

Lucian Blaga received a degree in theology at Sibiu in 1917 and a PhD in Philosophy at the University of Vienna in 1920. In his life time, he had been a magazine editor, a Romanian diplomat and a college professor of cultural philosophy. In 1956 he was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature. The University of Sibiu changed its name to Lucian Blaga University in 1995.

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